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Extra resources for Accounting - Asset Valuation, Profit Measurement & The Underlying Accounting Concepts
Certainly it shows wide differences of practice in the local levying of the fifteenth and tenth, and it is useful in that it provides at least a minimum range of these differences. 43 Since they are all the evidence that is available, such comparative figures will be given below; but it must always be remembered that they refer to that small fraction of cases that were heard before the Courts at Westminster and not to the actual practice of the inhabitants of all the vills in England from 1485 to 1547.
12 The Fifteenth and Tenth 29 The Levying of the Tax Thus by 1485 the Tudors had inherited a tax that had been customarily levied in a standard form for 150 years. Little further definition was necessary in the statutes, and the Tudor acts granting fifteenths and tenths were short, making a general grant `in manner and forme afore this tyme used' and specifying only exemptions and some additional matters of administrative detail. Indeed from the crown's point of view the administration of the fifteenth and tenth was commendably simple, for since the amounts to be paid were known and fixed, the only task was that of collection.
Until 1433 these allowances for decay and ruin were somewhat ad hoc and piecemeal; but in that year parliament deducted £4,000 for general ruin and decay in the country, to be divided between the counties and boroughs according to the proportion that each bore of the total tax burden. 11 The only exception was the fifteenth and tenth granted in 1534. 12 The Fifteenth and Tenth 29 The Levying of the Tax Thus by 1485 the Tudors had inherited a tax that had been customarily levied in a standard form for 150 years.