Advances in Experimental Epistemology by James R. Beebe

By James R. Beebe

Experimental epistemology makes use of experimental tools of the cognitive sciences to make clear debates inside of epistemology,the philosophical learn of information and rationally justified trust. during this first severe assortment in this intriguing new subfield, top researchers take on key questions bearing on wisdom, proof, and rationally justified trust.

Advances in Experimental Epistemology addresses principal epistemological matters reminiscent of no matter if matters in excessive stakes occasions have to own enhanced proof so as to have knowledge;whether and in what respects figuring out that p will depend on what activities one undertakes in mild of p; how philosophers should still reply to deep and pervasive confrontation approximately specific circumstances of data and trust and the methodological demanding situations to epistemology which are provided via confrontation in epistemic intuitions.As good as relocating study in epistemology ahead, this state of the art quantity is helping outline the long run process examine in experimental philosophy.

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And no interaction effect was found. Discussion As mentioned above, there was a significant main effect for stakes. This supports (H): that folk attributions of knowledge are sensitive to practical interests. However, there is no significant main effect for probability. Nor were there statistically significant differences between LSLP and LSHP or between HSLP and HSHP. So we failed to get good evidence that probability plays a role in knowledge attributions. However, two facts suggest that further research may discover such a role.

But do people actually hold the views they’re assumed to hold? We did the necessary empirical work to find out. We studied people’s reactions to lottery cases and discovered that they respond as predicted. We report those results here. We also evaluate three previous explanations for why people deny knowledge in lottery cases; none of them seems to work. Finally, we present evidence for a new explanation for why some people deny knowledge in lottery cases. We suggest that they deny knowledge in lottery cases due to formulaic expression.

Experiment 1 of this study reports results that support RKP. It should be flagged, however, that RKP is a strong principle. 22 Consider the weaker principle, ACTION: (ACTION) (Where P is relevant for action) If X knows P, then it is appropriate for X to act on P. Experiment 2 will report on some evidence which suggests that the folk accept ACTION. ) Method For this experiment, we test whether people implicitly accept RKP. To do this, we revisit Study 1, Experiment 2 (Air). ” Now, right before we asked Experimental Evidence Supporting Anti-intellectualism About Knowledge 27 this “knowledge” question, we asked subjects a normative question about the relevant action in the vignette: Recall that according to the story, Jessie has already surveyed the entire roster once.

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