Aiming at Truth by Nicholas Unwin (auth.)

By Nicholas Unwin (auth.)

Show description

Read Online or Download Aiming at Truth PDF

Best epistemology books

Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge (Routledge Classics)

Conjectures and Refutations is certainly one of Karl Popper's such a lot wide-ranging and well known works, extraordinary not just for its acute perception into the way in which medical wisdom grows, but additionally for employing these insights to politics and to historical past. It presents one of many clearest and so much available statements of the elemental concept that guided his paintings: not just our wisdom, yet our goals and our criteria, develop via an endless strategy of trial and blunder.

Descartes on Seeing. Epistemology and Visual Perception

During this first book-length exam of the Cartesian conception of visible belief, Celia Wolf-Devine explores the numerous philosophical implications of Descartes’ thought, concluding that he finally did not offer a very mechanistic concept of visible belief. Wolf-Devine strains the improvement of Descartes’ thought of visible belief opposed to the backdrop of the transition from Aristotelianism to the hot mechanistic science—the significant clinical paradigm shift happening within the 17th century.

Constructive Empiricism: Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science

Confident empiricism is not only a view in regards to the goal of technological know-how; it's also a view concerning the epistemological framework within which one may still debate the purpose of technological know-how. this can be the point of interest of this publication – no longer with medical fact, yet with how one should still argue approximately medical fact.

Assessment Sensitivity: Relative Truth and its Applications

John MacFarlane debates how we would make experience of the concept that fact is relative, and the way we would use this concept to provide gratifying debts of components of our concept and speak that experience resisted conventional equipment of study. even if there's a vast philosophical literature on relativism approximately fact, going again to Plato's Theaetetus, this literature (both seasoned and con) has tended to target refutations of the doctrine, or refutations of those refutations, on the fee of claiming truly what the doctrine is.

Additional resources for Aiming at Truth

Sample text

2 An argument against truth-aiming The question still remains, however, whether assertions really do aim at truth in the sense expounded in TN and TN’. And even if the answer is ‘yes’, we still need to ask whether we really should invest our ordinary utterances with full-blooded assertoric force, so understood. It may seem clear that both answers should be affirmative, but this is not obviously so. As mentioned, it is epistemological considerations that cause the problem. Traditional sceptical arguments are powerful and, if sound, imply that truth is cognitively inaccessible.

The idea that we could attribute to Martians genuine beliefs, and yet not care at all should they be (according to us) false – that is contrary to what we believe to be true – is a very counterintuitive idea, and will require elaborate defence. Yet if we only expect Martian beliefs to aim at truth 34 Aiming at Truth in the intensional sense, then we lose the most obvious reason for demanding unrestrictedness – for remember how it looks to someone, from within her own perspective, to ‘aim at truth’.

But then it is a mistake to demand a guarantee where it is logically impossible to obtain one. This does not mean that it is irrational to expect future experience 44 Aiming at Truth to conform to the past. F. Strawson, likewise: [T]he rationality of induction, unlike its ‘successfulness’, is not a fact about the constitution of the world. 13 It is not that it is impossible for induction to break down, if by ‘impossible’ we mean ‘logically impossible’. To demand otherwise is akin to demanding that induction not really be induction, but rather deduction in disguise.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.32 of 5 – based on 8 votes