Air Battle of the Ruhr: RAF Offensive March - July 1943 by Alan W Cooper

By Alan W Cooper

First released to acclaim in 1992, this ebook offers with the exploits of Bomber Command in the course of their offensive opposed to German within the Ruhr in the course of global battle II. the writer starts off via describing the position of Bomber Command and is going directly to outline the Ruhr sector and its nice significance when it comes to business output to the Germans. the writer offers the information for bombers dispatched, the quantity, which really acquired to the objectives and people, which by no means made it for one cause or one other. Air conflict of the Ruhr is a whole evaluate of a tremendous element of the air conflict opposed to mainland Germany – a topic that has infrequently been handled in such intensity. This e-book fills in an immense hole within the historical past of the Royal Air strength.

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Joining the attack would be seven The explosion of Fort de Loncin Fort de Loncin exploded at 1730hrs on 15 August 1914, killing 250 men under the rubble in the centre of the fort. The whole fort shook, concrete cracked and entire rooms lifted into the air and settled down. The sound must have been unearthly. qxd 11/10/06 1:54 AM Page 52 a b fr T a fo The gun barrels of the 12cm turret. The turrets resisted well against the powerful explosion. 5cm and the Krupp 42cm siege guns, which were to be used to pound the forts.

Qxd 11/10/06 1:44 AM Page 39 The ‘Hero of Liège’, General Gérard Leman. (Author’s collection) l, s, d t, e e s e r o d y o d n t. e s d e n ut at s. s s. at d s a s s, e h 1 8 the cooks how to prepare leaven. ’ The cooks learned very quickly. In the counterscarp caserne, the artillery officer met with his engineers to determine the preparedness of the guns and the munitions. Explosives engineers tested the fuses and powder in the small laboratory near the postern entry guardrooms. Troops unloaded carts full of projectiles and silk powder sacs and carried them into the magazines in the central massif.

Structurally, no upgrades were done to the forts since they were built. The hygienic condition of the interior of the forts was terrible. General Leman concluded that the main reason for the fall of each fort was asphyxiating gases from the shelling and from human waste. Conclusions concerning the strategic situation It is a matter of contention between the parties involved, and historians, if the resistance of Liège, and especially of the forts, had any effect on the German timetable. Estimates range from there being no effect at all according to Ludendorff, which is a ridiculous statement, to a delay of between two and 14 days according to Allied reports.

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